HOWTO to reset the root password on Solaris with a UFS filesystem



1) Issue a Stop A or halt the system.

2) Insert Solaris 10 DVD. At the OK prompt enter:

ok# boot -s

3) Determine the boot disk partition and mount it.

> mount /dev/dsk/c0t3d0s0 /a (or whatever your mount point is)

> cd /a/etc

> TERM=vt100

> export TERM

> vi /etc/shadow and remove root’s encrypted password string so its colon to colon (::)

> cd /

> umount /a

> init s

4) Login as root with no password and set the new password.

> passwd root

HOWTO create a local yum repository for Oracle Linux 5.10



1) Choose a location for the contents of Oracle Linux DVD. It could be local disk, an NFS mount point or an iSCSI, fiber channel or FCOE lun. Whatever it is, make sure its mounted, has a filesystem and is available to receive files.

2) I used an NFS mount from a NetApp filer. Make sure you add the mount point to /etc/fstab if you want it to survive a reboot. The directory I created is called oracle_linux_files. You can name it whatever you want.

3) Insert the Oracle Linux DVD into the server and mount it. Copy the contents and install the createrepo rpm.

> mount /dev/cdrom /media

> cd /media/

> cp -rp “OL5.10 x86_64 dvd 20131002” /oracle_linux_files/

> cd /oracle_linux_files/

> mv “OL5.10 x86_64 dvd 20131002” OL5.10_x86_64_dvd_20131002

> cd OL5.10_x86_64_dvd_20131002/Server/

> ls -l | grep createrepo  (to find the rpm)

> rpm -ivf createrepo-0.4.11-3.el5.noarch.rpm

4) Create the local yum repo.

> cd /oracle_linux_files/OL5.10_x86_64_dvd_20131002/

> createrepo .

5) Create yum repository definition file /etc/yum.repos.d/localnfs.repo:

> cd /etc/yum.repos.d/

> vi localnfs.repo and add the following:


> wq!

6) Move the existing repo file.

> mkdir -p /etc/yum.repos.d/archive

> mv /etc/yum.repos.d/public-yum-el5.repo etc/yum.repos.d/archive/

7) Test the new yum configuration.

> yum clean all

> yum list

8) You can now install rpm’s via Gnome Add/Remove Software GUI or yum from the cli.

Display fiber channel HBA and FC configuration in Solaris



This is a list of commands that will display many details of your fiber channel HBA and FC configuration in Solaris. Note that two commands have “grep qlc or emlx.” Depending on whether you have Qlogic (qlc) or Emulex (emlx) cards, you will grep for that variable. If you have other commands you would like to share, post a comment and I’ll add it.

> fcinfo hba-port

> luxadm -e port

> luxadm -e dump_map <insert the full device path from the above command>

> prtdiag -v | grep qlc or emlx

> prtpicl -v | grep qlc or emlx

> prtconf -vp | grep port-wwn

> cfgadm -al -o show_FCP_dev

> luxadm probe

> luxadm display <insert a WWN number from the above command>

New NetApp Releases: OnCommand System Manager 3.1, Virtual Storage Console 5.0 for vSphere, VASA Provider 5.0 for Clustered Data ONTAP, 7-Mode Transition Tool 1.2, SnapManager 3.3.1 for Oracle


OnCommand System Manager 3.1 for Windows and Linux
New Features, Enhancements, and Changes in System Manager 3.1:
1) Support for storage Quality of Service (QoS)
2) For Data ONTAP 8.2 and later, you can manage storage QoS for FlexVol volumes and LUNs.
3) You can create QoS policy groups and assign FlexVol volumes or LUNs to new or existing policy groups. The maximum throughput specified for the policy group enables you manage the workload (input/output operations) of storage objects.
4) Support for managing HA pairs
5) For Data ONTAP 8.2.1, you can manage HA pairs in a cluster by manually initiating a takeover or giveback operation. You can also enable or disable automatic giveback for a node.
6) Support for SVMs with Infinite Volume
7) For Data ONTAP 8.2 and later, you can use System Manager to manage SVMs with Infinite Volume in a cluster. System Manager enables you to create, resize, mount, unmount, protect, and edit Infinite Volumes.
8) Infinite Volumes and FlexVol volumes can coexist in the same cluster.
9) User interface enhancements
a) Array LUNs: For Data ONTAP 8.2.1, you can install the V_StorageAttach license to add array LUNs to non-root aggregates.
b) Note: This enhancement is also available for storage systems running Data ONTAP operating in 7-Mode.
c) Network interfaces: For Data ONTAP 8.2.1, you can use the Network Interfaces window to migrate a data LIF to a different port on the same node or a different node within the cluster.
d) Shares: For Data ONTAP 8.2.1, you can use the Edit Shares window to enable or disable access-based enumeration for a share.
e) Terminology changes: To avoid confusion, it is important that you understand that starting with clustered Data ONTAP 8.2.1, Storage Virtual Machine (SVM) is the new descriptive name for Vserver. In the documentation, the term SVM refers to Vserver. The Data ONTAP command-line interface (CLI) continues to use the term Vserver in the output, and Vserver as a command or parameter name has not changed.

Virtual Storage Console 5.0 for VMware vSphereVirtual Storage Console 5.0 for VMware vSphere
VSC 5.0 is a major change that includes a new look and seamless integration with the VMware vSphere Web Client. New features in this release include support for the following:
1) The VMware vSphere Web Client
2) VASA Provider for clustered Data ONTAP
3) SnapVault integration as a backup job option for clustered Data ONTAP
4) Adding a virtual machine or datastore to an existing backup job
5) Numerous bug fixes

VSC 5.0 discontinues support for the following:
1) vCenter 5.1 and earlier
2) VMware Desktop client
3) 32-bit Windows installations
4) mbralign
5) Single File Restore
6) Datastore Remote Replication
7) Flash Accel

VASA Provider 5.0 for Clustered Data ONTAP
VASA Provider for clustered Data ONTAP is a virtual appliance that supports the VMware VASA (vStorage APIs for Storage Awareness) framework. It uses Virtual Storage Console for VMware vSphere as its management console. VASA Provider acts as an information pipeline that provides information to the vCenter Server about NetApp storage systems associated with VSC. Sharing this information with vCenter Server enables you to make more intelligent virtual machine provisioning decisions and be notified when certain storage conditions might affect your VMware environment.

7-Mode Transition Tool
The 7-Mode Transition Tool enables copy-based transitions of Data ONTAP® 7G and 7-Mode FlexVol® volumes and configurations to new hardware that is running either clustered Data ONTAP 8.2 or 8.2.1, with minimum client disruption and retention of storage efficiency options.
Attention: You can transition only network-attached storage (NAS) environments to clustered Data ONTAP by using the 7-Mode Transition Tool.
New Features
1) Transition qtree-level NFS exports
2) Transition CIFS local users and groups
3) Bundle log files that provide details of the transition operations that have occurred on your system
4) Transition volumes with only NFS configuration (volumes with UNIX security style and no CIFS configuration) without requiring to configure CIFS on the Storage Virtual Machine (SVM, formerly known as Vserver).

SnapManager 3.3.1 for Oracle
New and enhanced features:
1) Support for Oracle Database 12c (non-CDB)
2)  SnapManager 3.3.1 for Oracle does not support container databases (CDBs) and pluggable databases (PDBs) available in Oracle Database 12c.
3) Support for Solaris on clustered Data ONTAP with SnapDrive 5.2.1 for UNIX
4) Supports vaulting in clustered Data ONTAP by using post-backup scripts
5) Allows access to SnapManager GUI from the browser when Java Runtime Environment (JRE) 1.7 is installed
6) Support for Automatic Storage Management (ASM) on Linux without using ASMLib




HOWTO Find Unsigned Executables on Windows



From the Sigcheck website, “Sigcheck is a command-line utility that shows file version number, time stamp information, and digital signature details, including certificate chains. It also includes an option to check a file’s status on VirusTotal, a site that performs automated file scanning against over 40 antivirus engines, and an option to upload a file for scanning.” It runs on XP/2003 and higher versions of Windows.

Download sigcheck and unzip to a location of your choice. Run the commands below to get a feel for the output. When the command prompt returns, open the file in Excel, Calc or your favorite spreadsheet program. The Verified column will show “signed” or “unsigned.”

Sigcheck page:

Sigcheck download:

Full Sysinternals Suite download:

1) The following command scans executables only, shows extended version information, recurses sub-directories in c:\windows\system32 and writes the output to a file called sigcheck-Win7.csv.
> sigcheck -e -a -s -c c:\windows\system32 > sigcheck-Win7.csv

2) To run a check through VirusTotal, add the -v option. Note that when using the Virustotal option it may take 20 minutes or more to complete.
> sigcheck -e -a -s -v -c c:\windows\system32 > sigcheck-Win7-virustotal.csv

New NetApp Releases: SnapManager for Hyper-V, SnapDrive for Linux, Solaris x86 and SPARC, NFS Plug-in for VMware VAAI, SnapManager for Microsoft Exchange, VSC for Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization


New NetApp Releases:

SnapManager for Hyper-V v2.0.2
SnapManager for Hyper-V provides a solution for data protection and recovery for Microsoft Hyper-V virtual machines (VMs) running on Data ONTAP. You can perform application-consistent and crash-consistent dataset backups according to protection policies set by your backup administrator. You can also restore VMs from these backups. Reporting features enable you to monitor the status of and get detailed information about your backup and restore jobs.
SnapManager 2.0.2 for Hyper-V includes the following new features:
1) Support for Windows Server 2012 R2

SnapDrive for Linux, Solaris x86 and SPARC v5.2.1
SnapDrive for UNIX enables you to manage Snapshot copies and to automate storage provisioning tasks. It also helps you in recovering data if it is accidentally deleted or modified.
SnapDrive 5.2.1 for Linux supports the following new features:
1) Paravirtual SCSI controlled devices (PVSCSI) on Linux guest operating systems.
2) Allows to override the SnapMirror or SnapVault existence check, which is one of the mandatory checks performed during volume-based SnapRestore (VBSR) using configuration variables in Data ONTAP operating in 7-mode.

For Solaris:
1) Storage Area Network (SAN) and Network File System (NFS), in clustered Data ONTAP 8.2 or later.
2) Allows to override the SnapMirror or SnapVault existence check, which is one of the mandatory checks performed during volume-based SnapRestore (VBSR) using configuration variables in Data ONTAP operating in 7-mode.
Solaris x86:
Solaris SPARC:

NFS Plug-in for VMware VAAI v1.0.21
The plug-in runs on the ESXi host and takes advantage of enhanced storage features offered by VMware vSphere. On the NetApp storage system, the NFS vStorage feature must be enabled for the ESXi host to take advantage of VMware VAAI. The plug-in performs NFS-like remote procedure calls (RPCs) to the server, using the same credentials as that of an ESXi NFS client. This means that the plug-in requires no additional credentials and has the same access rights as the ESXi NFS client.
New in this release:
1) IPv6 support in clustered Data ONTAP 8.2.1 or later, and Data ONTAP 8.1.1 or later operating in the 7-Mode storage system

SnapManager for Microsoft Exchange v6.1
1) SnapManager 6.1 for Microsoft Exchange includes several new features and enhancements:
2) SnapManager 6.1 for Exchange supports clustered Data ONTAP 8.2.
3) SnapManager 6.1 for Exchange supports Microsoft Exchange Server 2007 and Exchange Server 2010 only.
4) SnapManager 6.1 for Exchange supports Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1 and Windows Server 2012 only.
5) Gapless backup support on DAG systems has been improved from three nodes to nine nodes.
6) UTM retention can be triggered independently from backup retention.
7) When specifying backup options, the backup retention setting for remote backups now applies to the selected management group.

VSC for Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization v1.0
Virtual Storage Console (VSC) for Red Hat Enterprise Virtualization (RHEV) software is a single plug-in that provides storage controller configuration, Network File System (NFS)-based storage domain management (provisioning, deduplication, resizing, and destruction), and virtual machine (VM) cloning for RHEV environments with storage domains backed by NetApp storage systems.